Diseases such as distemper and parvovirus can have a serious impact on your dog’s health, but your dog can also be affected by external and internal parasites. Parasites are creatures that derive their living from feeding on the blood or tissues of a living host. These creatures, generally small in size, can weaken your dog’s system and make them much more likely to become ill, and can also cause a great deal of damage to the dog’s body themselves. A visual check for external parasites should be made daily, and periodic testing to make sure your dog is not supporting a multitude of freeloaders can keep your companion healthy.
Few dogs go throughout life without experiencing some of these parasites, and the effect on the health of the dog can be slight or profound.
Fleas are insects, and good indications that your dog has these small, but pestiferous insects will include frantic scratching, flea dirt (the bloody flea feces), and irritated patches of skin from severe infestations. Fleas will be happy to feed on you and your family, too. Large populations of fleas on dogs can actually cause anemia and, if eaten during grooming, fleas can give your dog tapeworms.
Ticks are deeply-dyed villains that can carry dangerous illnesses such as Lyme disease, Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Babesiosis. Dogs should be checked after being outside during tick season and the ticks removed as quickly as possible – the longer a tick is biting your dog, the greater the chances of infection.
Mange mites can infest a dog’s ears or the coat in general. These mites can cause extreme irritation and inflammation if untreated. Ironically, most pooches carry some mange mites on them from birth, but the creatures will simply live quietly on them in their hair follicles. However, if the body’s balance is upset, the mites will gain the upper hand and cause discomfort and irritation. Body mites can cause large portion of the body to lose hair and ear mites can cause swelling and intense itching. Treatment is available for mites that can return your pup to normal.
There are preventives such as flea collars and anti-tick treatments that can help to keep your dog at least relatively free of external parasites. Take your pet to the vet if he or she shows any signs of illness as a result of a tick bite – treatment is available.
As serious as external parasites of dogs can be, those that dwell inside your dog are probably even worse. Internal parasites can literally suck the lifeblood out of your pooch, leaving it weakened and unable to fight off illness. The only good news about internal parasites is that there is treatment available that will kill them.
Tapeworms are less likely to cause serious harm to your dog than other internal parasites. These segmented worms suck less blood out of the dog’s body, and are visible in the stool or on your pet’s bottom as resembling flattened grains of rice.
Roundworms are very common in dogs, and puppies often contract them from their mothers while still in the uterus or while nursing. Dogs will sometimes vomit up roundworms, and they can also cause diarrhea. Puppies are most at risk from roundworms and a bad infestation can actually be fatal. Roundworms can be spread to humans, especially children.
Whipworms can seriously impact your dog’s health as these worms embed themselves in your dog’s colon. Bloody diarrhea is a good sign that your dog may have these worms, and dehydration can occur.
Hookworms are among the most serious internal parasite that can infect your dog. These worms live in the small intestine and not only suck large amounts of blood, but also leave wounds that continue to bleed because of the anticoagulant in the worm’s saliva. Hookworms can cause not only bloody or tarry stools, but also anemia, and can kill the dog, especially younger ones. Humans can, in rare cases, pick up hookworms from infected dogs.
As it is impossible to absolutely prevent infestation of internal parasites, it’s a good idea to have your vet check out a stool sample twice a year, even if your dog is showing no symptoms. Any dog showing signs of internal parasites should be seen by the vet immediately.
Smaller dogs obviously have smaller bladders. That means that they have to go outside more often than their larger counterparts. One way to avoid frequent trips outside is to teach your small dog how to use a litter box much like a cat.
Be aware that your dog’s won’t have a cat’s natural instincts when it comes to using a litter box or burying waste. Therefore, it will take a lot of patience when it comes to litter box training a dog. The following tips should help somewhat though.
Many people are surprised to learn that there are litter boxes designed especially for dogs. However, you can still use those designed for cats. Just make sure that it’s one of the largest that you can find so that your dog doesn’t have space issues.
Your little one won’t just go running to the litter box whenever it’s time for him to go to the bathroom. You will need to pick him up and take him there instead, at least until he gets used to the process. This means that you’ll need to keep a watchful eye on your canine.
Dogs typically start walking in circles or sniffing the ground whenever they’re about to go. Dogs also have to eliminate whenever they wake up in the morning, so take him to the box then too. A few minutes after he eats is another time that he needs to be taken to the litter box.
You may not want to go about litter box training a dog right from the start. The old method of using newspaper will help considerably. Once your dog gets used to going on the paper, you can just switch it out to a litter box.
As with any type of training, you will need to be patient with your dog. Whenever things go right, make sure that you praise him for it. Give him a nice treat or two whenever he successfully uses the litter box too.
Conversely, make sure that your dog gets the message whenever he messes up. Don’t worry about scolding your dog if you find an accident at a later time, since doing so will do no good. Catch him in the act and reprimand him, just not physically.
When there are accidents, make sure that you’re prepared. You will need to clean up messes thoroughly. Dogs have an amazing sense of smell, and will be drawn back to spots that they’ve eliminated on in the past.
Litter box training a dog isn’t the easiest thing in the world to do. However, it will save you a lot of trouble if you can do it successfully. Good luck.
Are you thinking about getting a dog for the first time? If so, then hopefully you have thought the decision through thoroughly. There are a few things that you may not have considered yet. Keep reading to learn a few things to consider before you make your decision.
Dogs aren’t goldfish. You can’t buy one and expect to be rid of it a few weeks later. Although various breeds have differing lifespans, dogs live approximately 12 years. This is a lot of time to take care of something.
You need to realize that you’ll be making a huge commitment before getting a dog for the first time. Dogs need to be fed and walked daily. Don’t forget about other tasks such as brushing teeth and hair, especially for longer-haired breeds.
Owning a dog isn’t for everyone’s lifestyle. Do you spend all day at work? Your dog will get lonely without attention from you. Also, if you frequently travel out of town, you would need to make arrangements for your pet’s care.
Before you get a dog, you need to think about your family’s situation. Is everyone in the household fine with bringing in a canine? After all, they will likely care for and love him too. However, if there are small kids around, certain breeds won’t be suitable.
The amount of space you have to offer is something else that you should think about before you get your first dog. This is especially important if you plan on getting one of the larger breeds. However, small dogs need space to run around too, since they’re often more energetic.
Even if you have a big enough yard, it’s best that it also has a fence around it. Not only does it keep your dog from getting out, but it keeps other animals from coming into your yard to bother your dog too. Living in close proximity to a dog park will come in handy for daily exercise.
Even if you have adequate space to accommodate a dog, you need to consider the community that you live in. Not all of them are pet-friendly. Your apartment manager or home owner’s association may have something to say about it. It’s vital to understand the rules that apply to pet owners before you go about getting a dog for the first time.
Owning a dog can be relatively costly, so make sure that you have enough room in your budget. In addition to standard items such as food and toys, your dog may need medication for some reason. In fact, flea and heartworm medication on a monthly basis is often recommended.
Keep in mind that you don’t always have to get a cute little puppy as your first pet. Older dogs are in need of rescue too. There are plenty of benefits like not having to go through the housetraining process.
One of the best ways to satisfy your cat’s curiosity and keep in shape is to provide her with a cat tree. Since there are many such trees offered in the market, you should spend enough time understanding a few things before purchasing one for your beloved pet. Many pets need enough amount of stimulation to prevent them from getting bored, and cat trees are definitely one among best cat furniture that will keep your cat active through the day. But before making decision which tree is best for your feline friend you should consider some things.
Safety Matters a Lot!
It should be the very first thing that you need to consider, when shopping for a cat tree. Not only should you provide safety for your cat, but also for you or anyone who comes close to that tree. Cat owner should know what their cats can do, and if there are risky areas in your home, the pets are going to explore it for sure.
The manufacturer is responsible for making a well-constructed cat trees, but the owners are equally responsible for making good judgment in terms of selection. Ensure that the design of the tree does not compromise on safety. Some of them could be made of cheap materials and could collapse under the weight of your pet. You may also want to buy a tree, which will not trip over when your cat takes a flying leap, lands on side or top of the cat tree. The lighter and smaller trees are not the best option if you have big or heavy cats at home. Check the stability of tree before making the purchase. Some of the manufacturers use toxic chemicals, glues, and dyes in the making process, and it is strictly not recommended to go for such ones.
Ensure that the kitty cat tree you intend to buy is accessible to your cat or kitty. Cats should be able to climb tree in all situations. You pets many be overweight, old, have health problems, or declawed. If you’ve bigger cats, take trees that can accommodate properly. The cats should be able to get down or up the tree very easily.
Some cat trees at local stores are made with cheap materials, so stability should always be checked. Many use cardboard as the main support, which is not that safe, especially when the cat is climbing the tree.
Don’t Overlook the Visual Appeal
The cat tree not only should appeal to your pet, but it should also be great addition to your home décor. If you’ve spent $2000 on a new sofa or furniture, you wouldn’t of course want to see ugly tree placed in the middle of living room. So, make it a point to choose something that complements your furniture, design, and style of the room.
It is not about buying some cheap or expensive kitty tree, but purchasing something that offers great value for money. Have some budget in your mind and buy a tree that will satisfy both you and your cat.
Keeping all these things in mind, now you can choose a secure, well-balanced, and stable cat tree, and keep your pets happy.
As summer heat approaches, it brings to mind a traditional Chinese food philosophy of yin and yang – certain foods have a “heaty” or heat-inducing quality (too much yang) vs foods with a “cooling” or chilling effect (too much yin) on the body and its organ systems. When heat-cold is out of balance, the body is more susceptible to developing health problems.
The concept of “Chinese Food Therapy” is described in the Huangdi Neiji, the Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine (500 BC). Eating too many “heaty” foods such as chili peppers or lobster could result in rash and dry skin while eating too many “cooling” foods such as watermelon could cause GI upsets and lower immunity to viruses.
In the summer, cooling foods are believed to have an effect of clearing heat and toxins. Some cooling foods are apples, watermelon, alfalfa sprouts, seaweed, eggs, and barley. Examples of heaty foods are mango, guava, pumpkin, butter, venison, and shrimp. Neutral foods include berries, peas, carrots, and sweet potato.
Pet parents face special risks during hot weather. Depending on the lifestyle of the dog and cat, the following are good to keep in mind during the summer months.
Heat Stroke: One of the most serious and often fatal conditions commonly occurs in summer months as a result of prolonged exposure of pets to excessive heat. Prevention is the best cure – avoid direct sun exposure (especially for dark coats), never leave pets in a car, beware of sun burns from shaved or thin/short hair, check the surface temperature to prevent paw burns, and adjust walk and exercise times to cooler temperatures and shade. Short-faced breeds have a hard time keeping cool as it difficult for them to pant.
Water & Safety: It is essential to have available cool, fresh water to drink at all times. Wading pools are great for cooling off. If a pet swims, ensure that there is a means to get out of the water (steps/ramp for pools and boats), personal flotation device if needed, and never leave unattended.
Travel: Air travel is not advised in the summer and many airlines will not ship where and when the temperatures are too high. For car travel, do not leave pets unattended. Also be conscious of the temperature in and around the crate. Cool tips include using frozen liter bottles of water, placing sunshades on the windows, and providing a means of drinking water during the trip at all times.
Summer Diet: Adjust the pet’s diet to match lifestyle activities during the summer and the amount of time spent in the heat. Decrease the caloric intake if a pet will be spending more time relaxing indoors, Increase the caloric intake if a pet will be more active outside in the pool. If possible, increase more cooling foods in their diet.
Petbrosia diets are convenient as each formula is customized and also contain cooling (apples, seaweed, egg) and neutral (sweet potato, carrots, peas) food ingredients that will help balance the Yin-Yang needs for the dog.
Other than serious behavioral problems, such as aggression, the reason most dogs wind up in shelters is because their owners find out that they have just chosen the wrong dog for the way they live. Dogs have evolved with humans over the course of thousands, maybe tens of thousands of years, and as they shared our homes and lives, they have been bred to fill specific roles.
Besides the innate personality of the breed, there is also the dog’s adult size to take into consideration. That fluffy little St. Bernard puppy that fits so well on your lap now could grow into a 200 pound giant in over a year. If your house or apartment is simply not big enough, at some point your dog is going to outgrow its living space.
Regardless of the breed, all dogs require some exercise during the day. While some breeds can have their exercise requirements met with indoor play or a short walk, other breeds will need to run every day to satisfy their energy demands. Another thing to consider is the grooming needs of the dog; some dogs have a carefree coat that requires no maintenance to keep it looking good, while others (especially those with long hair) will need intensive grooming to keep the coat free from tangles, debris, and external parasites.
If you are unfamiliar with dog breeds in general, and are considering adding a puppy or dog to your life, do some research not only into the different breeds. You also need to determine why you want a dog, and how much time you will have to spend with the dog. Always keep in mind that nearly all dog breeds will want to interact with their humans – dogs have emotional needs, too.
If you are looking for a lapdog or companion, choosing a smaller breed is often a good idea, but make sure you understand the different energy level of different breeds. Jack Russell terriers and Westies are small dogs, but they require enormous amounts of exercise, otherwise they can develop personality problems. Breeds such as French bulldogs, English bulldogs, Chihuahuas, Japanese Chins, and Papillons are all excellent choices as well, although all of these dogs will need a lot of attention from their owners.
Hunting dogs combine great personality with the high energy needed for hunting. Those who enjoy taking to the field and woods during hunting season will want to focus on such dogs as Labrador or Golden retrievers or one of the spaniels, such as English or Cocker Spaniels. A laid back hunting dog that works well even in an apartment is the Clumber Spaniel. Vizslas and pointer breeds also are a good choice for hunters. Remember that these breeds will still need plenty of exercise outside of hunting season so be sure to take them for walks or runs daily.
Many people are worried about home security and will use a dog to guard the home. In one respect, nearly every dog breed is a guard dog, but some breeds are more protective than others. When you looking for a guard dog, you should look for a breed that will be easy to train, passive with the family, and have a defensive rather than an aggressive nature. Dogs like English Mastiffs, Bullmastiffs, and Schnauzers are good with members of the family, but do not possess the hair-trigger attacking instincts of dogs like Dobermans, Pit Bulls, and German Shepherds.
Flock guardian dogs are often important to those who live in rural areas and keep livestock. These dogs tend to be more aloof with people than other breeds and tend to concentrate their attention, and affection, on the sheep or cattle they guard. These dogs can be difficult to train as they have been bred to think independently and are best employed in more isolated situations where they will not have to interact with people.
Being a responsible dog owner isn’t restricted to how your dog gets along with other people and animals, it also means that you have chosen a dog that you will be able to take care of properly and that will be able to live out its life with you in comfort and dignity.
There is basically no region of the country that can be considered free of tick borne diseases. These diseases can have a serious impact on your dog’s life, and being aware that they exist can help you detect symptoms early and get treatment when it will be most effective.
Ticks are active during the entire year in winter-free regions and will appear in colder areas as soon as the ground thaws. Never assume it’s too early or too cold to find ticks on your dog. Our Pip even got one from somewhere when there was 2 feet of snow on the ground. Check your dog over after every outing, even if it’s only been to the backyard. Catching ticks before they attach to the pet is much easier than prying them off later.
Most people probably think that ticks are insects, but they are actually a member of the spider family. An adult tick has 8 lets, just like a spider, and feeds on the blood of living animals. However, while spiders will form egg cases for reproduction, the female tick itself sometimes forms the egg case – in some tick species, the eggs mature inside the swollen body of the female, which eventually bursts to release hundreds of tick nymphs, while other species simply lay the eggs on the ground. These tiny ticks have only 6 legs and generally feed on smaller animals like mice and shrews until they mature.
Ticks feed by inserting their mouthparts into the flesh of their host and drawing blood out. An anticoagulant is used to keep the food supply flowing, and the bite itself causes extreme irritation including itching and oozing of clear liquid.
Removing ticks from your dog safely is important because they can either leave mouthparts in the skin or regurgitate into victim, opening the possibility of more infective agents entering the dog’s body. Use fine tweezers or a special tick removing tool to grab the tick as closely to the skin as possible, and use a slow, but steady motion to draw the tick out. From personal experience, I have found that swollen female ticks will inevitably leave their mouthparts in the skin regardless of how careful I have been, raising the chance of infection.
The types of ticks most dogs and people encounter are the dog or wood tick and the deer tick. There are actually about 90 species of ticks found in the United States, although some have a very limited geographic range.
Tick borne diseases can cause serious illness in dogs, as we found out with our French Bulldogs several years ago. The first to become ill, Iris, was taken to the vet the first day her symptoms of limping and lethargy appeared. A blood test revealed that she had both Lyme disease and Ehrlichiosis. Although she was on the appropriate antibiotic, she lost the use of all 4 legs in 3 days, and was unable to even drink on her own; we had to use a syringe. She ate nothing for over a week until the medicine finally kicked in. She was literally reduced to a loose bag of bones. Primmy and Pip also became ill, but not to as great an extent, and all the dogs recovered after a month of antibiotic treatment.
Ehrlichiosis is also called tracker dog disease and is a legacy of the Vietnam War. Returning dogs used by the military were infected with Ehrlichiosis, and it causes symptoms such as joint pain, high fever, lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea. Unless treated, long term damage can occur to the heart and joints.
Lyme disease causes many of the same symptoms as Ehrlichiosis, and the antibiotic used to treat it, doxycycline, is also the same.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is even more serious a disease than the above two, and can be fatal if untreated. Symptoms, again are similar to tracker dog disease and Lyme, but can include skin lesions and cough. Heart attacks can also occur. In addition to doxycycline, tetracycline can also be used to treat it.
Anaplasmosis is yet another serious tick borne disease and this time the infective agents target either the white blood cells or the platelets. This disease causes muscular pain, fever, general malaise, coughing, and diarrhea. Doxycycline is the medicine of choice to cure the dog.
Babesiosis is caused by a tiny parasite, and this one attacks the red blood cells. Anemia is one obvious result as well as red urine, lethargy, fever, and weakness. Unfortunately, treatment for this disease is more complicated than for the others, and often involves a combination of drug therapies combined with blood transfusions in extreme cases.
There are a number of products on the market that are applied to the dog’s back that will either kill ticks on contact or hopefully before they are able to infect the dog. Flea and tick collars also offer protection.
Carefully checking your dog after he or she has been outside is also a good way to prevent these diseases. Ticks often wander around for quite a while before settling in for a meal, and disease transmission depends on how long the tick has been attached – it usually takes about 72 hours before enough pathogens enter the system to do harm. You should check with your vet with any concerns or questions regarding tick borne illnesses in your pet.
Aquarium ornaments are the tendency to look stiff and lifeless. If you examine the various types of aquarium accessories sole, they usually depict sunken ship, old establishments or dead pirates. However if you would go for an aquarium theme this is more natural and refreshing, then the Asian Theme is the right choice for you.
What makes the Asian Aquarium Design suitable is that a good number of the aquarium decorations from this style is based on sights from nature or a day in the life of an Asian villager. Miniature panorama are depicted perfectly among rocks that seem just like hills and mountains with tiny shrubs dotting the panorama.
The Asian Terrain Fish Tank Decoration
The Asian fish decor depicting natural scenery is quite soothing to look at. With this kind of fish tank decor, rocks with holes and crevasses depict rolling mountains with caves. You can get these kind of rocks in numerous sizes, fitting any type of sized aquarium. The best of these are those that also have fake plants in them, appearing like tiny trees. These provide an incredibly authentic appearance to the decorations, just as if you are looking at a mountain in the distance in Asia.
There are also some, particularly from the bigger ornaments which may have little shrines on them, with small minute stairways leading up to the structure. You can view a lot of very great samples of these at my webpage.
Possessing openings in them, these panoramic decorations supply the extremely important cave or hiding hole for your fish to get in.
Asian Buildings As Fish Tank Accessories
In the event you’d rather have something appearing man made, there are several Asian type architecture that you could decide on as an alternative. The popular versions portray wooden Asian homes, with straw rooftops. But rather than simply a lone property, these fish decor would possibly require other ornaments for instance figurines or a bridge to provide a better effect.
Besides shelters, you will be able to get tiny shrines or the pagoda that is a very regular aquarium decoration in the Asian design.
Unusual Asian Aquarium Decor
Currently there are a couple of very creative and attractive Asian type aquarium decoration which you can also buy. Many of the most attractive I have discovered are the Cambodian temple type, in which you will find a broken temple with a tree growing through it. The temple possesses fairly big slots in it, allowing the fish to swim in also.
Statues from Buddhism also has been famous among fish enthusiasts these day. You can acquire a number of different statues of Buddha in numerous poses as well as just the head of the statue, appearing like a historical ornament.
In choosing to opt for the Asian aquarium theme, you may want to stay away from pairing up the accessories with modern ornaments. Doing this might ruin the effect. What you want to do, should you lack any suitable aquarium components, is to use rocks and plants to accentuate them.